Wednesday, November 14, 2012

Tutorial : Make a perfect skin!

Step 1:
Select a photo from your computer which have rough skin.

First do the color correction to the image.
Step 2:
Select the Healing Brush Tool.

Now set the correct options as mentioned on the image below:

  1.  Click on the arrow button beside the Brush option.
  2. Set the diameter of the brush (ie. the brush size) to something small, depending on your image resolution. A good way to base this size upon is to see the diameter of the most visible blemish in your picture. Set the diameter to something slightly bigger than that. 
  3. Now set the brush hardness to about 15%. This will give the brush a feathered edge,
  4. You can ignore the rest of the options for this tutorial.

Step 3:
Zoom in to your picture. Once you’re zoomed in (200% is usually enough, but again it depends on the resolution of the image you’re working with), press Alt (Option for Mac users) and left-click on a part of the face near to the blemish with nice skin

Now type : Alt + left-click on a nice part of the skin around the blemish, and then single left-click on the blemish. Repeat on other blemishes.
Do not swipe the brush around while left-clicking! The results will rarely turn out good. Single left-clicking for each blemish will give you the best results. 

  1. Now continue doing that for all the visible blemishes, keeping in mind to keep zooming out to see the overall progress. Also, remember to change your brush size as you see fit. Use small brush on pimples.

Step 4:

Now the results will be like the above image. But some parts are still not acceptable.
Healing brush tool might not work on high contrast photos. So You could use a small brush, but we’ll use something else.
Now you have to clean up the image a bit more.

 Step 5:  Here’s an example of the Clone Stamp Tool for.

Now here’s the end product. but there is some more step needed.

Step 6:

Click on the Magic Wand Tool and click on any part of the guy’s (or in your case, your own) face. Press Shift and click again until you get most of the face selected.
The Tolerance setting can be higher if you like. Setting it higher tells the Magic Wand Tool to select more of the pixels that looks like the ones you’ve chosen.
Step 7:

  1. Right-click and choose Layer via Copy. This will create a new layer with just the selected skin.
  2. Right-click that layer and choose Duplicate Layer…. You can ignore the options that follows and just click the OK button. That will create an exact copy of the layer you just created.
  3. Click on the 1st layer “eye” icon to hide the layer for a bit. We will use this later.

4. Click on Filter > Blur > Gaussian Blur. Depending on your picture resolution, experiment the Radius amount to one that will give your layer a nice, relatively flat, but slightly gradiented, consistent color. For this image, I use 8.5 pixels for the Radius amount.

5. Now, press the Control button and click on the layer you hid just now. It will grab the selection of the layer and that’s all you need. Now click on the Add Layer Mask button.

Step 8: 
  1. Click on Filter > Noise > Add Noise…
  2. Under Distribution, check Uniform (as opposed to Gaussian, which in my opinion gives too strong of a noise distribution) and check Monochromatic, and set the Amount according to your original image noise level.
    The image I’m using is quite noisy, and a bit of experimenting shows that 1.5% noise gives a similar noise look to the original image, so that’s what I’m sticking with. Feel free to adjust the amount as you see fit. Skipping this entire Step 8 is okay too, if your original photograph is not visibly noisy.
  3. Click the OK button and let’s continue.

Step 9:
Now, click on the Brush tool, and choose a nice feathered brush size. This brush size will, again, depend on the image you have chosen. For the image I’m working with, I find that a size 27 feathered brush works quite well.

Then, set the Opacity and Flow of the brush to 50%. Again, feel free to lessen or increase both settings. Sometimes, I leave both at 100%.

 Step 10:
So you’ve got your feathered brush selected, now click on the Layer Mask and make sure your Foreground and Background colours are set to Black and White.


Now brush against the edges of the “face mask” that you’ve created until the edges of the layer look like they fit in to the rest of the face. Pay extra attention on the edges of the eyebrows, hair and such. Once you’re done, lower down the opacity of the layer to about 30%. 

The above is how your final image should look like.

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